Chemical speciation of metals in unpolluted soils of different types: Correlation with soil characteristics and an ANN modelling approach
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АуториMarković, Jelena P.
Jović, Mihajlo D.
Smičiklas, Ivana D.
Šljivić-Ivanović, Marija Z.
Onjia, Antonije E.
Popović, Aleksandar R.
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The distribution of elements in soil fractions affects their mobility and availability and thus their potential beneficial or harmful impact on ecosystems, biota and humans. Different mineralogical and chemical characteristics of soil influence elemental distribution. In the present study, chemical speciation of macro and micro elements (Al, Fe, Mn, K, Cd, Cr, Cu, Li, Ba, Ni, Pb and Zn) in unpolluted soils of different types, collected from the territory of the Republic of Serbia, were analysed by sequential extraction procedure. The impact of the physicochemical soil properties on the content, distribution, mobility and availability of elements was investigated. Principal component analysis was employed for the evaluation and characterization of the experimental data, understanding of the relationships between soil properties and the distribution, affiliation and connection of the elements. Finally, an artificial neural network (ANN) model was developed to explore the applicability of... this approach for the prediction of the elemental distribution based on soil properties. Good agreement between the model and the experimental results implied that the ANN could be considered as a useful tool for control and prediction purposes. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Кључне речи:Uncontaminated soil / Soil properties / Sequential extraction / Element distribution / Pattern recognition techniques / Artificial neural network
Извор:Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 2016, 165, 71-80
- Нове технологије за мониторинг и заштиту животног окружења од штетних хемијских супстанци и радијационог оптерећења (RS-43009)
ISSN: 0375-6742 (print); 1879-1689 (electronic)