Safe trapping of cesium into pollucite structure by hot-pressing method
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Jovanović, Uroš D.
Mentus, Slavko V.
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A simple one-step method with direct thermal conversion at lower temperatures for preparing a stabile Cs-aluminsilicate phase, known as pollucite, is presented. Cs-exchanged form of Na, Ca-LTA type of zeolite (Cs-LTA) was pressureless sintered and hot pressed at certain temperatures in order to obtain pollucite. XRD and FTIR analysis were used to study structural changes of Cs-LTA before and after thermal treatments. Pressureless sintered sample recrystallized into pollucite phase after heat treatment at 1000 degrees C (3 h) (PLS1000) and hot pressed sample at 750 degrees C (3 h) using pressure of 35 MPa (HP750), indicating reduced temperature of 250 degrees. SEM micrographs confirmed that HP750 has higher density than PLS1000 which leads to higher value of compressive strength. The HP750 showed better resistance to Cs leaching than the PLS1000. Base on these results one can conclude that hot pressing is the promising method for the permanent disposal of Cs radionuclides. (C) 2016 Else...vier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Cs disposal / Ion exchange / LTA zeolite / Hot pressing / Pollucite / Leaching tests
Source:Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2016, 474, 35-44
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