Effect of consolidation parameters on structural, microstructural and electrical properties of magnesium titanate ceramics
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Pavlović, Vladimir B.
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The aim of this study is to explore the influence of the processing route on the structural and physical properties of bulk MgTiO3 ceramics. Commercially available MgO and TiO2 powders were mechanically activated in a planetary ball mill. Green bodies were formed by an isostatic pressure of 300 MPa. The sintering of these samples was done either by the Two-Step Sintering (TSS) approach or by conventional pressureless sintering followed by Hot Isostatic Pressing (post-HIPing). The first set of compacts was sintered by TSS in air at 1300 degrees C for 30 min and the next step was performed at 1200 degrees C for 20 h. The density of the obtained samples after the two-step sintering reached almost 90% of the theoretical density (%TD). The second set of compacts was sintered at 1400 degrees C for 30 min in air. The samples without open porosity were post-sintered by the HIP at 1200 degrees C for 2 h in an argon atmosphere at a pressure of 200 MPa. The density significantly increased up to 9...6%TD. The differences between samples prepared by these two techniques were also analyzed by XRD and SEM. The lattice vibration spectra were obtained using Raman spectroscopy and they indicate a high degree of lattice disorder, as well as high values of the oxygen vacancy concentration. Electrical characteristic were established in the frequency range from 10 kHz to 10 GHz. The choice of the processing route had considerable influence on structural and physical properties of MgTiO3 ceramics. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Milling / Sintering / Defects / Microstructure-final / Dielectric properties
Source:Ceramics International, 2016, 42, 8, 9887-9898
- Directed synthesis, structure and properties of multifunctional materials (RS-172057)
- Grant agency of the Czech Republic [15-06390S], Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic [LQ1601]